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03-04-2016, 03:06 PM   #1
 
 

mn The Behaviour of the Prophet () with his Children and Grandchildren



The Behaviour of The Prophet () with his Children and Grandchildren



Khutbah Topic

His Eminence Sheikh Saleh ibn Muhammd al-Talib May Allah protect him delivered this Friday khutbah entitled The Behaviour of The Prophet () with his Children and Grandchildren in which he mentioned some instances of The Prophets Behaviour May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him and The way he used to treat his sons, daughters and grandchildren. The Sheikh ered a few glimpses of their biographies May Allah be pleased with them all and may He grant them contentment and talked about The compassion, modesty and humility of The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him when dealing with children.


Part One

Praise be to Allah! Praise be to Allah, The Most-Revered and The Most-Benevolent in his sublime dominion! To Him shall be addressed The most sublime expressions of praise and The most transcendent forms of gratitude. For neither The blessings nor The gifts of our Lord can be ever requited. I bear witness that there is no deity except Allah alone with no partner. He decreed that wealth and spring be The adornment of life and that The good righteous deeds associated with them afterwards be everlasting. I equally bear witness that Muhammad is The Servant, Messenger and Select creature of Allah. He is The most affectionate male parent ever born on earth, The ideal father whose heart overflew with affection and whose eyes shed tears on his dear departed children. May Allah send his Salat (Graces, Honours, and Mercy), Peace and Blessing upon him, his daughters and sons! May Allah also send his Salat upon his Wives, Companions, followers, and all those who follow him righteously till Doomsday!

Now then, O people!

The best counsel to be ered and The noblest habit to be acquired remains forever taqwa (fear of disobeying divine commands). For it is The substance of all prophets advice, The ornament of Allahs select servants, and The ideal provision on The Day of Encounter (with Almighty Allah):

and We have instructed those who were given The Scripture before you and yourselves to fear Allh.  [Al-Nissa: 131]


O you who believe! Fear Allh and keep your duty to Him. and let every person look to what he has sent forth for The morrow, and fear Allh. Verily, Allh is All-Aware of what you do. [Al-Hasher: 18]

O Muslims!

The Seerah (biography) of The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him is full of enlightening guidance in The areas of dawah (inviting people to Islam), education, politics, war, worship and ethics. You can get guidance and full benefit from whichever aspect of his Noble Seerah.
Here is an instance of The Seal of Prophets May Allahs profuse Salat and Peace be upon him graceful model Behaviour when dealing with his Children and grandchildren. It is a context where his humaneness, fatherhood, compassion, and affection become manifestly clear. Even The father whose child/children departed this life could find in The Prophets model Behaviour some consolation, especially when he realises that The same affliction befell someone of superior nature and higher rank (i.e. The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him). Every person could find in his Seerah rulings, benefits, and sharia guidance.

The Seerah of The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him is anyones companion, and his accounts are The dcor of social gatherings. Everybody enjoys listening about his Seerah and finds a sense of tranquillity and comfort in his accounts. Let us then engage in a journey back to his early days and his first home in The company of his Children ‒May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him.

O servants of Allah!

The Messenger of Allah May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him was a young man from Quraish. He was known among his peers if The term peer applies to this context for his truthfulness and honesty. They used to call him al-Ameen (the Trustworthy). his impeccable manners and moral rectitude spread east and west. So, Khadijah Bint Khuwailid ‒May Allah be pleased with her chose him to be in charge of her trade in The Sham. Thus, she sent her servant Maysarah to accompany him; and you all know The rest of The story.

Khadijah May Allah be pleased with her‒ liked him, and The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him married her while he was still twenty-five years old. She was older than him. The first home he formed was full of happiness and lighted with of faith. The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him loved Khadijah so intensely that his later wives would feel jealous of her. He used to say: I have been endowed with her love. Their marital life lasted for twenty-five years, and he did not marry other women until after her death.

He May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him‒ got from her six children: Two sons: Al-Qasim, Abdullah, and four daughters: Zainab, Ruqayyah, Umm Kulthoom, and Fatimah. Al-Qasim was The elder child of The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him; hence his nickname Abu Al-Qasim. He May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him said: Give your Children my name, but do not use my nickname.

In this particular regard, most scholars unanimously agreed that such a prohibition mentioned in The Prophets hadith above is time-restricted and was later rescinded, as is confirmed in Imam Muslims Sahih who reported that Anas May Allah be pleased with him said: A man once addressed another man at al-Baqee as Aba Al-Qasim. When The Messenger of Allah May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him turned around and looked at him, The man said: O Messenger of Allah, I didnt mean to call you, but I called so and so. The Messenger of Allah May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him said: Give your Children my name, but do not use my nickname.

Al-Qasim had died in his early childhood before The bithah of The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him. Then, a girl was born to The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him. He called her Zainab. One of The details about her biography is that The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him had married her to Aba al-As ibn Abi Arrabee. She embraced The Islamic faith before him and emigrated from Makkah to Madinah while her husband only converted to Islam sometime before The fath (of Makkah). As a result, The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him later reunited her with her husband.

On The day of The Battle of Badr al-As ibn Abi Arrabee was among The prisoners of war. Each one of The people of Makkah sent a ransom to free their respective captives. Zainab sent some money and a necklace to ransom her husband. That necklace was Khadijahs gift to her daughter Zainab on her wedding day. Upon seeing it, The Messenger of Allah ‒May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him‒ felt so emotionally touched and remembered his early days with nostalgia. He then said: If you deem it appropriate to set free her prisoner and return what she has sent (as ransom), then do. They said: Yes, well do, O Messenger of Allah.

Then, Zainab gave birth to a female baby, Omamah. As a token of his affectionate nature and modest behaviour, The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him would occasionally hold Omamah in his hands while performing prayer. He would hold her when he was in an upright position and put her on The floor when in a prostration position. Muslim scholars have taken this Behaviour to mean a permission to make certain gestures during prayer if need be. After his wifes death (Fatimah), Ali May Allah be pleased with him married Omamah, whose mother Zainab later died in The 8th year of Hijrah. Muslim women then washed her dead body and shrouded it in The loincloth of The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him.

After Zainab, The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him had another daughter whom he called Ruqayyah and married to Othman ibn Affan May Allah be pleased with him. On The day of The Battle of Badr (first battle opposing Muslims with non-believers and polytheists), Ruqayyah had serious health problems which prevented Othman from participating in The battle. Instead, he remained with his wife to nurse her. Then, she passed away May Allah be pleased with her. Nonetheless, The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him allocated to Othman a share of The spoils as if he took part in The battle.

Imam Ahmed reported that Aisha May Allah be pleased with her narrated that The Messenger of Allah May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him was ered an onyx-decorated collar as a present. So, he said: I will definitely er it to The dearest in my family. The women present there said: The daughter of Abi Quhafah will certainly receive it, then. Then, The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him called Omamah, Zainabs daughter, and hung it around her neck. [This hadiths chain of narration is debatable]

When Ruqayyah May Allah be pleased with her passed away, The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him married his daughter, Umm Kulthoom, to Othman, hence his nickname Thu al-Noorain (i.e. he married two of The Prophets daughters). Abu Hurairah narrated that when The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him met Othman at The gate of The mosque, he said to him: O Othman! Jibreel (Gabriel) visited me and informed me that Allah had married you Umm Kulthoom for The same dowry as that given to Ruqayyah and for The same type of marital relation. [Reported by Ibn Majah, and its chain of narration is debatable]

As to Fatimah, The youngest daughter of The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him The following questions are worth raising here: Whose daughter was she? Whose wife was she? Whose mother was she? Who can even come close to her high glorious status?!

In Imam Muslims Sahih, it is reported that ibn Massood May Allah be pleased with him said: While The Messenger of Allah May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him was praying at The Holy Mosque, Abu Jahl and some of his comrades were sitting nearby. It happened that The previous day a camel was slaughtered; so, Abu Jahl said, Who can bring The viscera of The camel slaughtered by so and so and place it on Muhammads shoulder when he lays prostrate? The most wretched member of The group brought it swiftly, and when The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him laid prostrate he placed it on between his shoulders. Ibn Massaood added: They burst into laughter each leaning on The other. He continued: At that time, I kept watching The scene. If I had had any guarantee of communal protection (against The reaction of Quraish), I would have removed The viscera from The back of The Messenger of Allah May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him. While The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him was lying prostrate without raising his head, someone went quickly to Fatimah and told her about The incident. At that time, she was still a little girl. Thus, she removed The viscera and then she went to them and insulted them.

When The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him finished his prayer, he raised his voice and supplicated Allah to punish them. It was in The habit of The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him to repeat his supplications and prayers three times successively. Then he said three times: O Allah! Punish Quraish! When they heard his voice, they stopped laughing and looked frightened of his supplication.

The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him married Fatimah May Allah be pleased with her to her cousin, Ali ibn Abi Taleb May Allah be pleased with him in The 2nd Hijri year. Then, she gave birth to Al-Hassan and Al-Hussein, The masters of The youth in Paradise. The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him loved them very much. He would often say: They are my two sweet basils in this worldly life.

One day, while The Messenger of Allah May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him was delivering a khutbah, Al-Hassan and Al-Hussein came, wearing red overalls, stumbling and standing up. So, he stepped down The mimbar, took both of them and regained his place. He then said: Allah tells but The truth when he says: Your wealth and your Children are only a trial... . When I saw these two I couldnt stand it. [A hadith reported by The five Imams of hadith]

Another day, in a congregational prayer with his Companions, The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him (unusually) lay prostrate for a long time. After finishing The prayer, The Companions asked him about The cause. He said: My son climbed up my back, and I didnt like to disturb him until he had enough. [Reported by Ahmed and Al-Nassae]
Such is The heart of The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace Be upon Him and such is his merciful nature with children: no scolding, beating, or yelling at them, or at The child who climbed up his back while he was performing prayer; he simply prolonged his prostration until The boy got his back. He May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him said: My son climbed up my back, and I didnt like to disturb him until he had enough.

Al-Aqra ibn Habis once visited The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him and saw him kissing Al-Hassan. He said: I have ten children, but I have never kissed any one of them. The Prophet then replied: He who does not show mercy to others will not be shown mercy.

Such is The heart of The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him and such is his merciful nature with children: Indeed in The Messenger of Allh (Muhammad ) you have a good example to follow, [Al-Ahzab: 21]. Those were Al-Hassan and Al-Hussein.

Fatimah is but a part of The Prophet. He May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him said: Indeed Fatimah is but a part of me; what disquiets me does so to her." Complaining about The blisters on her hand because of using a mill-stone, she came, one day, to The Prophet ‒May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him‒ to ask him for a servant, but she did not find him (at home) and had to inform Aisha of her need. When he came back, Aisha informed him about it. Ali added: He came to us when we had gone to bed. When I was going to get up, he said: Stay where you are, and sat between us, till I felt The coolness of his feet on my chest. Then, he said: Shall I not tell you of a thing which is better for you than a servant? When you (both) go to bed, say: 'Subhan Allah' thirty-three times, 'Alhamdu lillah' thirty-three times, and 'Allahu Akbar' thirty-four times. For that is better for you than a servant. [Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim]

Ibn Hajar said: The point here is that he who mentions Allah continuously shall be granted power greater than that given to him through a servant.

It was reported in both Sahihs that Aisha May Allah be pleased with her said: Once Fatimah came walking and her gait resembled The gait of The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him. The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him said: Welcome, O my daughter! Then he made her sit on his right or on his left side and whispered something to her, and she started weeping. I asked her, Why are you weeping? He again whispered something else to her, and she started laughing.

I said: I never saw happiness so near to sadness as I saw today. I asked her what The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him had told her. She said: I would never disclose The secret of Allah's Messenger May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him. When The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him died, I asked her about it. She replied. The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him said: Every year Jibreel (Gabriel) used to revise The Qur'an with me once only, but this year he has done so twice. I think this portends my death, and you will be The first of my family to follow me. So I started weeping. Then he said. Don't you like to be The lady of all The women of Paradise or The lady of The believing women? So I laughed for that.

Six months after The death of The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him Fatimah passed away. May Allah be pleased with her, her husband, Ali ibn Abi Talib, and her two sons, Al-Hassan and Al-Hussein! We do take Allah as our witness that we love them, are loyal to them, and that we seek closeness to Him through this love and loyalty without aversion or hyperbole.

O Muslims!

The youngest child of The Prophets May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him from Khadijah was Abdullah, nicknamed The Kind, or The Pure. He was born after The bithah and died while still young. Upon his death, Al-As ibn Wael said with reference to The Prophet ‒May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him: Leave him, for he is cut (without spring). When he dies, there will be no mention of him anymore as he has no son to live after him! To this effect, Allah sent down The following verses:

Verily, We have granted you (O Muhammad ) Al-Kauthar (a river in Paradise). Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only). For he who hates you (O Muhammad ), he will be cut (from posterity and every good thing in this world and in The Hereafter). [Al-Kawthar: 1-3]

As to our Prophet, Muhammad May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him Allah said, addressing him: And have We not raised high your fame? [Al-Sharh: 4]

Those were The Children of The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him from Khadijah May Allah be pleased with her: Al-Qassim, Abdullah, Zainab, Ruqayah, Umm Kulthoom, and Fatimah May Allah be pleased with them all, and may his Salat, Peace and Blessing be upon our Prophet and his family!

May Allah bless you and me by The Qur'an and Sunnah and grant us benefit from their verses and wisdom! Having said this, I ask Allah The Almighty to forgive me and you!



Part Two


Praise be to Allah, Lord of The worlds, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful and The Sovereign of The Day of Recompense. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allah, The King, and The Manifest Truth. I also bear witness that Muhammad is his Servant and Messenger. May Allah send his Salat, Peace and Blessing upon him, his family and all his Companions!

Now then, O Muslims!

One day, The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him performed fajr prayer and then turned around to his Companions and said: A child was born to me at night and I named him Ibrahim after my fathers. Muslim scholars then sanctioned The naming of The new-born on The first day of birth. Al-Bayhaqui ‒May Allah bless his soul‒ said: Naming The new-born upon birth is more authentic than what was said concerning naming him on The seventh day.

Yes, indeed! Such was Ibrahim, son of Maria, The Egyptian Copt, whom Al-Muqawquis ered as a gift to The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him and who bore him Ibrahim.

Anas ibn Malik ‒May Allah be pleased with him‒ said: I have never seen anyone so merciful with his own Children as The Messenger of Allah May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him. He had his son (Ibrahim) suckled in The outskirts of Madinah and The husband of his wet-nurse was a blacksmith. We used to go there together with us, and The house would be full of smoke from The bellows. He would kiss The child and then come back.

Ibrahim died in The tenth year (of The Hijrah) when he was eighteen months old. There was a solar eclipse The day he died and people believed that this was in mourning of his death. The Prophet May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him wept and said: The eyes are shedding tears and The heart is grieved, and we will not say except what pleases our Lord. O Ibrahim! Indeed we are grieved by your departure. He May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him said: He has a wet nurse in Paradise to complete his suckling period.

May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon his Servant and Messenger Muhammad, his family, Companions, wives, progeny, and those who followed them in righteousness until The Day of Judgement! O Allah! Grant us his intercession and a drink from his Basin! O Allah! Gather us on The Day of Resurrection as part of his group and grant us success to follow his Sunnah!

O Allah! Grant glory to Islam and Muslims, and degrade polytheism and polytheists (who associate partners with You)! O Allah! Defeat all tyrants, infidels and corruptors! O Allah! Grant victory to Your Holy Book, The Sunnah of Your Prophet and Your believing servants!

O Allah! Grant victory to The Mujahideen in Your Cause in Palestine, Sham and wherever they may be, O Lord of The worlds! O Allah! Save Al-Aqsa Mosque and The believers in and around it from The aggression of The aggressors and The oppression of The occupiers! O Allah! We leave them to You, those Zionist usurpers, for You are more than a match to them!

O Allah! Be on The side of our brothers and sisters in Palestine, Syria, and everywhere! O Allah! Their situation has turned more serious and their calamity greater, and there is no one to grant them victory but You ‒Exalted be You! O Allah! Grant them a speedy victory and relief!

O Allah! Protect our country and all Muslim countries from all forms of evil! O Allah! Whoever intends to carry out evil deeds against us, Islam, and Muslims, O Allah, let him be kept busy him with himself, and let his plotting be to his own detriment! O Allah! Whoever intends to carry out evil deeds against us, our homeland, our leaders, our ulema (religious scholars), our people, and our unity, O Allah, let him be kept busy him with himself, and let his plotting be to his own detriment, O Lord of The worlds!

O Allah! Guide our leader to do whatever you love and accept! O Allah! Guide him to piety and righteousness! O Allah! Grant him, his deputies, their brothers and assistants success to do what is good for The people and The country, O You, The Living, The Subsisting, The Lord of Majesty and Bounty!

O Allah! Grant success to all The leaders of Muslims in order to govern by Your Sharia and follow The Sunnah of Your Prophet, Muhammad May Allahs Salat and Peace be upon him! O Allah! Make them a Mercy on Your true servants!

O Allah! Grant victory to our soldiers who are stationed on The borders! O Allah! Grant victory to our Mujahidin (soldiers) who are stationed on The borders, and all of our security forces! O Allah! Protect them just as they seek to protect Your Holy land and Your believing servants! O Allah! Grant them steadfastness and restraint, bless their deeds and lives, their families and possessions! O Allah! Reward them and accept from them (their good deeds), O Lord of The worlds!

O Allah! Make safe and prosperous our country and those of all Muslims around The world! Protect us against The evil of wrongdoers, The maliciousness of The lecherous and The evil of those plotting to carry it out by day or night!

Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in The Hereafter that which is good, and save us from The torment of The Fire! [Al-Baqarah: 201], Our Lord! Forgive us our sins and our transgressions (in keeping our duties to You), establish our feet firmly, and give us victory over The disbelieving folks). [Al Imran: 147]

O Allah! Forgive our sins! O Allah! Forgive our sins, cover our flaws, make easy our affairs and make our wishes come true in what pleases You!

O Allah! We beseech You to forgive all Muslims and believers, those who are still living and those who passed away! O Allah! We implore You to forgive us, our parents and grandparents! O Allah! Bless their souls as they were mercy on us when we were small! O Allah! Prolong The lives of those of them who are still alive so that they can worship you more and do more good! O Allah! Engulf with Your mercy those of them who have died, light up and render spacious their graves, make them gardens similar to those in Your Paradise, and join us together with them in Your Paradise, O Lord of The worlds!

O Allah! We implore You to forgive us, our parents and grandparents, their progeny, our wives and our progeny, O You, The All-Hearing of our prayers!

We ask Allah for forgiveness! We ask Allah for forgiveness! We ask Allah for forgiveness! Allah is The only deity, The Living, The Subsisting, and we repent to Him!

O Allah! You are Allah, and there is no deity worthy of worship but You! You are The Self-Sufficient while we (humans) are destitute! Do send down rain on us and save us from despair! O Allah! You are Allah, and there is no deity worthy of worship but You! You are The Self-Sufficient while we (humans) are destitute! Do send down rain on us and save us from despair! O Allah! Send rain down on us! O Allah! Send rain down on us! O Allah! Send rain down on us! Bestow upon us expedient rain, a blissful, flowing, widespread, useful and harmless rain, one that would rejuvenate The land, quench peoples thirst and reach The rural and urban lands!

O Allah! Send down upon us rain of mercy, not rain of torment, disaster, destruction, or flooding!

O Allah! Accept our prayers, for You are indeed The All-Hearing, The All-Knowing! and forgive us! You are indeed Most Forgiving, Most Merciful!

Glorified be Your Lord, The Lord of Honour and Power! You are free from what they attribute unto You! May peace be upon all The Messengers! and all praise be to Allah, The Lord of The worlds!

 






     

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The Behaviour of the Prophet () with his Children and Grandchildren


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